Female pattern baldness is said to affect around half of all women over the age of 65. Currently, there is no cure, but that could soon change thanks to a group of scientists from a university in the US.
In what is being dubbed as a ground-breaking new study, the scientists discovered a way to reverse wrinkles and hair loss. Here, we’ll look at what the study found and whether it could lead to a cure for female pattern baldness.
What did the hair loss study find?
The study, published in Cell Death & Disease, discovered a way to turn off the mutation which led to ageing in mice.
It is known that 90% of the chemical energy our cells use to stay alive is developed by the Mitochondria. When we age, our Mitochondria function begins to decline, resulting in numerous ageing symptoms such as wrinkles and hair loss. Scientists also believe that as the body loses Mitochondria DNA, it can trigger conditions such as cancer, neurological disorders and cardiovascular disease.
During the study on mice, the scientists managed to activate a mutation which triggered the Mitochondria to decline. Within four weeks, the mice began to lose their hair and also became more lethargic. Between four to eight weeks, they also developed wrinkles, with the female mice developing more deeper wrinkles than the males. They discovered that the signs of ageing the mice experienced were almost identical to how humans age.
After turning off the mutation, the mice began to regrow their hair and the wrinkled skin also reversed. Mitochondria function also returned to normal. Interestingly, it did not reverse other ageing organs once the mutation had been switched off. This shows that Mitochondria function has more of a role in the skin’s health than it does with the internal organs.
Could a female pattern baldness cure soon follow?
So, now this ground-breaking study has revealed the possibility for ageing skin and hair loss to be reversed, will a cure soon follow? Unfortunately, not.
Further tests still need to be carried out, particularly on humans. So, it’s likely to take many years before any potential applications for humans can be developed. However, it certainly provides an insight into how ageing could be reversed in the future.
Different types of hair loss require different treatments
While this new discovery could mean exciting developments in the future for those who do suffer from androgenetic alopecia, it’s important to remember that not all forms of hair loss are caused by ageing and identifying the cause of the hair loss is the first step in managing and treating the condition.